How to put etc in an essay

What is the correct way to write etc?

The Latin term et cetera (“and the rest”) is usually written as two words in Canadian English. However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct . The abbreviation for this term is etc . (Note that the c comes last; the misspelling ect. is a common error.)

How do you write etc in academic writing?

This rule is quite simple. If you use “ etc .” in the middle of a sentence, and it is not enclosed in parentheses, then you must use a comma after the abbreviation. If it is in parentheses in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence, no comma is needed.

Can you use etc after example?

with a “list” that gives only one example ; there should be at least two items listed. And never use etc . at the end of a series that begins with for example , e.g. , including, such as, and the like, because these terms make etc . Since cetera means “other things,” etc .

How do you avoid etc?

‘ etc ‘ can usually be avoided. Try using ‘for example’ or ‘such as’ or ‘including’. Never use ‘ etc ‘ at the end of a list starting with ‘for example’ or ‘such as’ or ‘including’. ‘ie’ – used to clarify a sentence – isn’t always well understood.

What can I say instead of etc?

Synonyms for along with others. and all. and on and on. and others. and so on. and the like. and the rest. whatever.

What is ETC short for?

Et cetera (English: /ɛtˈsɛtərə/, Latin: [ɛt ˈkeːtɛra]), abbreviated to etc., etc, et cet.,&c., or &c, is a Latin expression that is used in English to mean “and other similar things”, or “and so forth”.

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What is ETC full form?

Et cetera

How do you use etc in a sentence?

Generally, in American English, if ” etc .” is used in the middle of a sentence , it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc ., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of ” etc .”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

Is it okay to use etc in an essay?

etc . is not informal. It is perfectly ok to use etc . in an academic paper . Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing.

How do you use etc and eg in a sentence?

Rule #1: Don’t use e.g. and etc . together because you wouldn’t use for instance (meaning as an example) and then use and so on (meaning others); both phrases imply the names you named were just a part of a group. For example, “ e.g. apple, oranges, etc .”

How do you use etc in brackets?

Answer: When using ” etc .” in parenthesis , you should use it in the same way as you would use it in a regular sentence: Example: I prefer healthy food such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, etc . Now if you use ” etc .” in parenthesis at the end of a sentence, you will need to put a “period” after the parenthesis .

Is ETC formal?

The expression “et cetera” is rarely used. Its abbreviation “ etc .” is discouraged in formal writing; CMOS recommends that, if used, it should be confined to parenthetical material or lists and tables.

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Is As for formal?

In a formal environment, “as to” will usually be more suitable regardless of whether you respect or disrespect the subject, while in an informal situation “as for” will be preferred so that you don’t sound “stiff”.

What does ETC mean in text?

Et cetera

What should be avoided in formal writing?

Formal Writing Voice Do not use first-person pronouns (“I,” “me,” “my,” “we,” “us,” etc.). Avoid addressing readers as “you.” Avoid the use of contractions. Avoid colloquialism and slang expressions. Avoid nonstandard diction. Avoid abbreviated versions of words. Avoid the overuse of short and simple sentences.