What are the 4 levels of intellectual disability?
There are four levels of ID: mild. moderate. severe . profound.
How does IDEA define intellectual disability?
Definition of “ Intellectual Disability ” under IDEA significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.” [34 CFR §300.8(c)(6)].
What are the 13 categories of special education?
To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below. Specific learning disability (SLD) Other health impairment. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Emotional disturbance. Speech or language impairment. Visual impairment , including blindness . Deafness .
How is special education defined?
(1) Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including— (i) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and. (ii) Instruction in physical education .
What is an example of an intellectual disability?
Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability – like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections – happen before birth. Others happen while a baby is being born or soon after birth.
What is mental retardation called now?
Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation , is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living.
What are the signs of intellectual disability in adults?
Such challenges may include the following: Memory problems . Attention problems . Difficulties interacting socially. Impaired self-esteem or lowered sense of self-worth. Difficulties finding and maintain employment as adults. Being unable to live on one’s own due to required assistance and supervision.
Can mental retardation be reversed?
“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed , even in the adult brain.”
What causes an intellectual disability?
Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.
What are the basic terms in special education?
Common Terms in Special Education Individualized Education Program (IEP) IEP Team. Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) IDEA: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Inclusion. Student Support Team (SST) Non-public school. Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) and Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)
What are the five basic categories of disabilities?
Disabilities are usually defined in five basic categories: vision , auditory process, physical ability, cognitive ability, and speech.
What are the 13 qualifying conditions for idea?
autism ; • deaf-blindness; • deafness ; • emotional disturbance; • hearing impairment ; • intellectual disability; • multiple disabilities; • orthopedic impairment; • other health impairment; • specific learning disability; • speech or language impairment; • traumatic brain injury; or • visual impairment (including
What is the goal of special education?
The purpose of special education is to enable students to successfully develop to their fullest potential by providing a free appropriate public education in compliance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as implemented by DoD Instruction 1342.12, “Provision of Early Intervention and Special
What is the politically correct term for special needs?
Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities . Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “ special needs .”
What are sped services?
Special education is instruction, specially designed to the student, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability. They receive special education support services in conjunction with the general education curriculum. Special education is a specialized instructional service , not a place.