What are the 13 categories of special education?
To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below. Specific learning disability (SLD) Other health impairment. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Emotional disturbance. Speech or language impairment. Visual impairment , including blindness . Deafness .
What are the 14 categories of special education?
These are federal terms and definitions. Autism . Deaf-Blindness . Deafness . Developmental Delay. Emotional Disturbance. Hearing Impairment . Intellectual Disability (formerly known as Mental Retardation) Multiple Disabilities .
What is special in special education?
Special education is composed of a range of teaching practices specifically designed for the needs of individuals with disabilities, who have special learning needs , that are implemented by well-trained special education teachers and not normally seen or used by untrained teachers in a regular classroom  .
What are special classes?
organization. In special education: Grouping patterns. Special classes for children who have above-average intelligence, who have intellectual disabilities, who have visual or hearing impairments, or who have been diagnosed with other disabilities are found in many school systems throughout the world.
What are the 4 categories of disability?
Different types of disabilities vision Impairment. deaf or hard of hearing . mental health conditions. intellectual disability . acquired brain injury. autism spectrum disorder. physical disability.
What are the 13 Exceptionalities in special education?
The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech
What is the most common disability in schools?
Here are five of the most common learning disabilities in classrooms today. Dyslexia . Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability . ADHD . Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. Dyscalculia . Dysgraphia . Processing Deficits.
How many different types of special needs are there?
What is SLD?
Specific learning disability ( SLD ) refers to a disorder in one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or perform mathematical calculations.
What are the characteristics of special education?
5 Characteristics of Special Education Teachers Patience . Working with students who have diverse physical, emotional and mental challenges requires a teacher to have patience for each child’s behavioral and learning abilities. Empathetic. Resourceful. Collaborative Communicator. Service Oriented.
What is a SPED kid?
Special Education ( SPED ): Term used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that is defined as specially designed instruction to increase the student’s chances for success.
What is the benefit of special education?
“The main benefit of special needs schools and programs is the individualized and personal education. Small class sizes and specialized staff allow for addressing individual needs, strategizing to capitalize on academic and other strengths, and teaching self -advocacy skills.”
What is the most common type of special needs?
Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder , cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.
What is a special needs class called?
A special school is a school catering for students who have special educational needs due to learning difficulties, physical disabilities or behavioral problems. Special schools may be specifically designed, staffed and resourced to provide appropriate special education for children with additional needs .
What is a 15 1 class?
15 : 1 : 1 ~ This classroom can have up to 15 students with one teacher and one classroom aide. This classroom is designed to work with students whose management needs are highly intensive and require a high degree of individualized attention and intervention. This class is designed to work with students with severe needs.