Type 2 diabetes patient education

How do you educate a patient with diabetes?

Adopt healthy eating habits through nutrition education , including meal-planning, weight-loss strategies and other disease-specific nutrition counseling. Develop problem-solving strategies and skills to self-manage diabetes . Monitor blood glucose and learn how to interpret and appropriately respond to the results.

How do you explain type 2 diabetes to a patient?

Type 2 diabetes , the most common type of diabetes , is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy.

What is the best drink for a Type 2 diabetic?

Some good drinks for type 2 diabetes include: Water. Fat-free or low-fat milk . Black coffee . Unsweetened tea (hot or iced) Flavored water (zero calories) or seltzer.

What is the main treatment for type 2 diabetes?

Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and improving your body’s sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively.

Which fruits are good for diabetics?

While some forms of fruit, like juice, can be bad for diabetes, whole fruits like berries , citrus , apricots , and yes, even apples — can be good for your A1C and overall health, fighting inflammation, normalizing your blood pressure, and more.

What are nursing interventions for type 2 diabetes?

NURSING IMPLICATIONS Diet control helps regulate weight, which is extremely important in Type 2 diabetes. Eating healthy foods and following a diet program if overweight, is essential and should be stressed in diabetic teaching. Exercise burns calories, which helps control weight.

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Can Diabetes Type 2 Be Cured?

There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes , but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

How long can you live with type 2 diabetes?

People with type 1 diabetes, on average, have shorter life expectancy by about 20 years . People with type 2 diabetes, on average, have shorter life expectancy by about 10 years .

What foods cause type 2 diabetes?

White bread, rice, and pasta are high carb, processed foods . Eating bread, bagels, and other refined-flour foods has been shown to significantly increase blood sugar levels in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (19, 20).

What fruit should diabetics avoid?

Processing fruits also removes or reduces levels of certain key nutrients, including vitamins and fiber. The National Institute of Diabetic and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) recommends that people with diabetes should avoid fruit juices or canned fruits with added sugar.

How much water should a diabetic drink?

Drinking enough water can help your body eliminate excess glucose through urine. The Institute of Medicine recommends men drink about 13 cups (3.08 l) of day and women drink about 9 cups (2.13 l). If plain water doesn’t appeal to you, create some variety by: adding slices of lemon, lime, or orange.

Which juice is best for diabetes?

Here are 3 diabetic friendly juices: Karela Juice or bitter melon juice: Karela juice is an excellent beverage for diabetics. Spinach Juice: Spinach is a great source of folate, dietary fibre, vitamins A, B, C, E and K. Amla Juice: The Ayurvedic wonder potion may do wonders for your diabetes management.

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What should I eat if my sugar is high?

Here are seven foods that Powers says can help keep your blood sugar in check and make you happy and healthy to boot. Raw, Cooked, or Roasted Vegetables. These add color, flavor, and texture to a meal. Greens. Flavorful, Low-calorie Drinks. Melon or Berries. Whole-grain, Higher -fiber Foods. A Little Fat. Protein.

How can I lower my sugar level quickly?

15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally Exercise Regularly. Regular exercise can help you lose weight and increase insulin sensitivity. Control Your Carb Intake. Increase Your Fiber Intake. Drink Water and Stay Hydrated. Implement Portion Control . Choose Foods With a Low Glycemic Index. Control Stress Levels . Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels .

How can diabetes be cured permanently?

Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes , studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication . This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.