Disproportionate representation in special education

How can we reduce the disproportionate representation of minorities in special education?

ERICDIGESTS.ORG WHAT CAN BE DONE TO REDUCE OVERREPRESENTATION ? PROMOTE FAMILY INVOLVEMENT. INCREASE THE ACCURACY OF REFERRAL AND EVALUATION. PROVIDE APPROPRIATE SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES. MONITOR THE PROVISION OF SERVICES. FEDERAL ACTIVITIES TO REDUCE OVERREPRESENTATION . REFERENCES.

What causes overrepresentation of minorities in special education?

Overrepresentation of minorities in special education is a growing problem in schools today. Research indicates that factors such as test bias, poverty, poor general education instruction, and insufficient professional development for working with diverse students can cause this overrepresentation .

What are the different levels of special education?

There are six main types of special education within most public-school settings. Push-in Services. Pull-out Services. Inclusive Classrooms. Exclusive Education . Specialty Schools. Residential Programs.

What happens if there is a determination of significant disproportionality?

Now, with these final regulations, districts identified as having significant disproportionality will have the flexibility to use their CEIS set aside to assist students with disabilities and preschool children with and without disabilities.

What factors contribute to disproportionate representation?

Possible causes of disproportionate special education representation are psychometric test bias, socio- demographic factors, unequal opportunity in general education (the most consistent findings in education research is that students achieve in direct proportion to their opportunity to learn), teacher ethnicity (as

What is the main reason students with intellectual disabilities often struggle to maintain friendships?

What is the main reason students with intellectual disabilities often struggle to maintain friendships ? Their behavior in social situations is perceived as inappropriate by their peers.

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Why are African American males overrepresented in special education?

African American males seem to be prevalent in special education classrooms due to cultural differences, academic misidentifications, fluidity of labeling, and the lack of drive or cultural knowledge from school faculty members such as school psychologists, counselors, administrators and teachers (Moore et al., 2008).

What race is most impoverished?

As of 2010 about half of those living in poverty are non-Hispanic white (19.6 million). Non-Hispanic white children comprised 57% of all poor rural children. In FY 2009, African American families comprised 33.3% of TANF families, non-Hispanic white families comprised 31.2%, and 28.8% were Hispanic.

What causes disproportionality in special education?

Why Is Disproportionality a Problem? When schools have higher numbers of certain ethnic or minority students enrolled in special education that they should have by statistical standards, it signals the possibility that some of the students may not be truly disabled and may have been incorrectly identified.

What are the 13 disabilities for IEP?

autism ; • deaf- blindness ; • deafness ; • emotional disturbance ; • hearing impairment ; • intellectual disability; • multiple disabilities; • orthopedic impairment ; • other health impairment; • specific learning disability; • speech or language impairment; • traumatic brain injury; or • visual impairment (including

What are the 13 categories of special education?

To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below. Specific learning disability (SLD) Other health impairment. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Emotional disturbance. Speech or language impairment. Visual impairment , including blindness . Deafness .

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What diagnosis qualifies for IEP?

These include: 1) Autism ; 2) Developmental Delay; 3) Deaf Blind; 4) Emotional Disturbance; 5) Hearing Impairment; 6) Specific Learning Disability; 7) Intellectual Disability; 8) Orthopedic Impairment; 9) Other Health Impairment; 10) Speech and/or Language Impairment; 11) Traumatic Brain Injury; 12) Visual Impairment

What does Cceis mean?

mandatory Comprehensive Coordinated Early Intervening Services

How do you calculate disproportionality?

First, take the number of children in care by a specific race/ethnicity, divided by the total number of children of that race/ethnicity in the population, and multiply by 1000. This will give you a rate.

What does disproportionality mean?

Disproportionality refers to a group’s representation in a particular category that exceeds expectations for that group, or differs substantially from the representation of others in that category.