Disproportionality in special education

What is disproportionality in education?

What is Disproportionality ? • Disproportionality is defined as “the presence of students from a specific group in an. educational program being higher or lower than one would expect based on their. representation in the general population of students.”

What causes overrepresentation in special education?

Overrepresentation of minorities in special education is a growing problem in schools today. Research indicates that factors such as test bias, poverty, poor general education instruction, and insufficient professional development for working with diverse students can cause this overrepresentation .

What does placement mean in special education?

Deciding Where Your Student’s IEP Will Be Implemented Rather, your student’s “ placement ” refers to the range or continuum of educational settings available in the district to implement her/his IEP and the overall amount of time s/he will spend in the general education setting.

Are disproportionately placed in special education?

The disproportionate representation of minorities in special education is well documented. Generally, there is over representation of certain minority groups in high incidence special education categories such as mental retardation (now called intellectual disability), learning disabilities, and emotional disturbance.

Why are there more males in special education?

Because males ‘ eyes are hardwired to see and function through movement, they tend to learn more while doing so. Secondly, because of how their hearing is wired, males hear less well than females.

Why are African American males overrepresented in special education?

African American males seem to be prevalent in special education classrooms due to cultural differences, academic misidentifications, fluidity of labeling, and the lack of drive or cultural knowledge from school faculty members such as school psychologists, counselors, administrators and teachers (Moore et al., 2008).

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How does ethnicity affect learning?

The values of the variables used (measured at school/cohort level) are more dispersed for non-native than for native students. Ethnic minority students have a slightly worse relationship with teachers and slightly lower self-esteem, a slightly higher level of school well-being and of social integration.

What percent of students ages 6 21 receive some form of special education?

Among students aged 6 to 21, a higher percentage of males, at 17 percent , than females, at 9 percent , received special education services.

What are the 13 categories of special education?

To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below. Specific learning disability (SLD) Other health impairment. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Emotional disturbance. Speech or language impairment. Visual impairment , including blindness . Deafness .

What is the stay put rule?

The “ stay put ” provision is one of the most important legal rights in special education law . “ Stay put ” rights apply when you dispute a change the school wants to make to your child’s IEP. When you invoke this right, your child’s current placement can remain the same until you and the school resolve the dispute.

What are placement options for students with learning disabilities?

Placement Decisions For example, students with disabilities may be placed in resource rooms, self-contained special education classes, separate special education day schools, residential treatment facilities, a hospital, a detention facility, or on homebound tutoring.

What percent of students in special education are African American?

In school year 2015–16, the percentage of students served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was highest for those who were American Indian/Alaska Native (17 percent ), followed by those who were Black (16 percent ), White (14 percent ), of Two or more races (13 percent ), Hispanic and Pacific

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What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

What is minority overrepresentation?

Minority youth are overrepresented in impoverished and crime-ridden neighborhoods where they have access to fewer after school programs; minority youth have higher unemployment and less access to jobs, and are more likely than their white students to be kicked out of school.