Which conclusion was supported by the study that Maslow conducted for his dissertation on monkeys and motivation? In practice, dominance was almost always prioritized over pure sexuality, despite the fact that these two drives were distinct from one another and interacted with one another.
What is Maslow’s theory of motivation?
According to Maslow’s theory (1943, 1954), people are driven to attain particular needs, and Maslow also theorized that certain needs are more important than others. The most fundamental requirement we have is to maintain our physical health, and satisfying this requirement will be the primary factor driving our actions.
What was the conclusion of the experiment with the monkeys?
His studies were seen to be both immoral in that they were harsh when they were not required to be and ineffective when it came to gaining an understanding of the consequences of deprivation on human newborns. It was abundantly evident that the monkeys used in this study experienced mental distress as a direct result of being raised in isolation for their whole lives.
Does Maslow’s theory hold up in contemporary research?
By having higher levels of growth needs while simultaneously having lower levels of deficiency needs (Wahba & Bridwell, 1973).Maslow’s idea was put to the test in recent years by study conducted by Tay and Diener (2011), who analyzed the data of 60,865 individuals from 123 different nations, covering all of the major geographical areas of the world.The survey was carried out during the years 2005 and 2010.
What did Harlow conclude about the behavior of a monkey?
Conclusions Harlow came to the conclusion that in order for a monkey to have a normal development during the first few months of its existence, it has to have some interaction with an item to which it may cling (critical period).Clinging is a natural response; for example, when the monkey is under pressure, it will go to the item that it regularly clings to as if doing so will make the pressure go away.
What was the term favored by Binet to summarize the main result of his intelligence tests?
″Prospective testing″ revealed a wealth of potential for the study of personalities. What was the primary objective of Binet’s work on the development of his IQ tests? What is the overarching concept that Binet preferred to use in order to describe the primary finding of his IQ tests? degrees of intellectual engagement, focus, and attentiveness
Which one of the following psychologists was a pioneer in the factor analysis of personality traits?
In the field of the study of characteristics, Gordon Allport was an early pioneer. It was generally agreed that this early work marked the beginning of the contemporary psychological study of personality. Throughout addition, he referred to characteristics that may be found in his work as dispositions.
What was Binet’s major purpose in developing his intelligence tests quizlet?
Changing the way that Stern calculated IQ and putting more emphasis on the idea of ‘general intelligence.’ The primary reason why Binet created his IQ tests was so that he could: a. assist in the diagnosis of youngsters with mental deficiencies.
What was one of the key limitations of the Pascaline that Leibniz went on to overcome?
What was one of the most significant constraints of the Pascaline that Leibniz went on to overcome, and how did he accomplish this? It was solely capable of addition and subtraction.
What was Alfred Binet’s theory?
These reference points were essential in the formulation of the idea that would become known as the intelligence quotient, or IQ. The IQ is computed by dividing a person’s mental age by their chronological age and then multiplying the resulting number by 100. Before Binet passed away in 1911, he and Simon made two further adjustments to the IQ test that they had developed.
What is the role of conscious motivation?
What Exactly Is the Function of Conscience-Driven Motivation? Allport placed a greater emphasis on the significance of conscious motivation than any other personality theorist before or after. Adults that are healthy typically are conscious of the actions they are taking and the motivations behind those actions.
Which clinical psychologist was a pioneer in psychotherapy research the scientific study of the processes and outcomes of therapy?
|Awards||Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology (1956, APA); Award for Distinguished Contributions to Applied Psychology as a Professional Practice (1972, APA); 1964 Humanist of the Year (American Humanist Association)|
What contributions did Gordon Allport’s motivation and personal theory make to the field of psychology?
Personality: A Psychological Interpretation, an essential introductory text he wrote on the notion of personality, was one of his most notable works (1937). Allport is most well-known for the theory that adult reasons evolve from infantile urges; nevertheless, as people get older, these desires eventually become irrelevant. This idea was given the name ″functional autonomy″ by Allport.
Who was Albert Binet and what did he contribute to this field quizlet?
Included in this set are the following terms: (6) He was the inventor of the concept of the intelligence quotient, or IQ, which was later used by Lewis Terman and other researchers in the development of the first IQ tests, which were based on the work of Alfred Binet. professor at Stanford who revised the Binet test for Americans.
What was Alfred Binet commissioned to do in 1905?
Why was it decided to create the very first intelligence test?Alfred Binet, a French psychologist, was the first person to devise one of these exams.It was commissioned by the French government to identify pupils who would have the most difficulties in school.Binet’s test was the first of its kind.The Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale, which was developed as a consequence in 1905, is considered to be the foundation of modern IQ testing.
Which intelligence test is the most widely administered today?
The Wechsler scales, the Kaufman scales, and the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale are now the types of intelligence tests that are utilized by individuals in the greatest numbers today (Fourth Edition). Even though it is the test of intellect that has been around the longest and is the most well-known, the Binet has seen a significant decline in its popularity and is now a distant third.
What is Pascaline computer?
The Pascaline, which was also known as the Arithmetic Machine, is recognized as the very first calculator or adding machine to be manufactured in any appreciable amount and put into service. Between the years 1642 and 1644, the French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal was responsible for the design and construction of the Pascaline.
What was the necessity that brought about the invention of calculating device?
The first aids to computation were purely mechanical devices that required the operator to set up the initial values of an elementary arithmetic operation before proceeding to manipulate the device in order to obtain the result. These early aids to computation were developed in the 18th and 19th centuries.
What is the history of computer from abacus?
The abacus was most likely the first known device that could be used for calculation. At the very least, it was in use about the year 1100 BCE, and it is still in use now, especially in Asia. It still commonly consists of a rectangular frame with thin parallel rods that have beads strung on them, just as it did back then.