How To Format A Note At The Bottom Of A Dissertation, Turabian Style?

A Guide for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian

  1. Each footnote has to be placed at the bottom of the page that also contains its corresponding numerical reference in the text
  2. Use the superscript format for the note numbers in the text
  3. Put a half-inch space in the margin before the first line of each note, just like you would for a paragraph in the primary text

How do you cite in Turabian style?

  1. You can structure your citations in Chicago/Turabian style using either the Author Date system or the Notes and Bibliography (NB) system.
  2. These are the two systems that are available to you.
  3. If you are using NB, you will be required to provide a bibliography at the end of your paper.

Throughout this bibliography, you will compile a list of all the sources that you mention within the body of your work.

What is the difference between Chicago Turabian and footnotes?

  1. Notes and Bibliography is a subset of the Chicago/Turabian citation style that use footnotes to cite sources when they are referenced in the body of the text.
  2. When using the Chicago/Turabian Notes and Bibliography citation style, the recommended approach for citing sources is to make use of footnotes.
  3. When you use footnotes, you are effectively creating a ″mini-citation″ at the bottom of the page.

This might be helpful in some situations.

How do you format endnotes?

The endnotes of a document can be written in a very straightforward fashion. Include a superscript number, such as 1, to indicate where the notes are located inside the text. After that, you use that same number in the entry for the associated notes. In certain instances, authors will provide comments that include sufficient information to obviate the requirement for a bibliography.

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How do you cite liner notes in Turabian?

Label for the liner notes, including the format, copyright date, and label number. Examples: Notes should be formatted as follows: NotesAuthorFirstNameLastName, liner notes to Album Title, Performer, Record Label Label#, Format, and Year.

Are Turabian footnotes indented?

Footnotes should be indented the same way as paragraphs should be indented. If a footnote has to spill over onto a next page, you should break it in the middle of a phrase so that readers do not believe they have read the full note. At any one place, you are not permitted to use more than one reference number (ie, 5, 6).

How do you write End notes in Chicago?

  1. Each note should have a single gap between words, and there should be a blank line between each note (and two blank lines before chapter subheads).
  2. Use regular text with a period and a space after it for the note numbers, or use superscript text with a space but no period after it.
  3. Neither of these options should be used for regular text.

After the main text and any appendices, but before the bibliography, you should insert the endnotes.

Do footnotes go at the bottom of each page?

Footnotes are references that are placed at the bottom of each page, but endnotes are references that are provided at the conclusion of a chapter, article, or book. This is the primary distinction between footnotes and endnotes.

How do you put a footnote at the bottom of each page?

Add a footnote

  1. Cick the location on the page where you wish the footnote to appear
  2. Click Insert > Insert Footnote. Word will add a footnote mark at the bottom of the page as well as a reference mark in the text
  3. Input the text of the footnote
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How do you cite liner notes from an Album?

LINER NOTES — through the conclusion of the recording’s citation. The author’s name can be used to reference notes that have been signed. It is possible for the notes’ titles to come after the author’s name in cases when they are used. Johnson, Graham.

How do you cite Pew Research Center in turabian?

Bibliographical note: ″Report Title.″ URL containing ″Pew Research Center, Washington, DC″ as the ″Publication date.″

What are liner notes on Album?

The inscriptions that may be found on the covers of LP record albums, as well as in booklets that come inserted inside the jewel case of compact discs or the corresponding packaging for cassettes, are referred to as liner notes. They are also known as sleeve notes or album notes.

What is Turabian format example?

Various examples of author-date citations

Format Author last name, First name. Year. “Page Title.” Website Name. Month Day, Year. URL.
Reference list Bhandari, Pritha. 2021. “How to Write a Lab Report.” Scribbr. May 20, 2021.
In-text citation (Bhandari 2021)

What size font should footnotes be in Turabian?

The font family should be Arial or Times New Roman, and the size should be set to 12 points. There is a possibility that some features, such as footnotes or endnotes, headers, and tables, require a different font size.

Should there be a space between footnotes in Turabian?

Between the body of the text and the first line of the footnotes at the very bottom of the page, there is a single blank space followed by a single, continuous line. Footnotes should only have one space between them, while the spaces between footnotes should have two. The endnotes are placed before the bibliography and come after the text and any appendices that may be included.

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How do you write Turabian style?


  1. Always leave a margin of one inch on both sides
  2. Times New Roman in size 12 points is the recommended font and size
  3. Put a half inch space between each paragraph in the main body of the paper
  4. The whole article should have double spacing, with the exception of block quotations, footnotes, entries in the bibliography, reference lists, table titles, and figure captions

What is Chicago style format?

  1. If you want your work to be written in Chicago style, you need to format it according to the requirements that are provided in the Chicago Manual of Style.
  2. This requires that you leave margins of one inch on both sides of the paper, utilize double spacing, justify the left side of the text, and indent new paragraphs.
  3. The Time New Roman 12 point font is recommended for usage with Chicago style documents as well.